All Buttermilk Pie Dough
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How To Make an All Butter Buttermilk Pie Dough

All butter pie dough hydrated with buttermilk makes the most tender of pastries. Grab your pastry cutter and rolling-pin and let's get started! | This recipe makes one or two 9 1/2" Pie Crusts
Course Component
Cuisine American
Keyword Buttermilk Pie Dough, Flakey Pie Dough, Homemade Pie Dough, Pie Crust
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Total Time 45 minutes
Servings 8 Servings
Calories 359kcal
Author Vanilla And Bean

Ingredients

  • Pan Spray

For One Disk (11-12 oz/311g -340g):

  • 1/2 C Unsalted Butter refrigerated, 113g
  • 3 Tbs Milk
  • 1 1/2 tsp Apple Cider Vinegar see note on buttermilk
  • 1 1/4 C All Purpose Flour 190g
  • 1 Tbs Cane Sugar
  • 1/2 tsp Sea Salt

For Two Discs (11-12 oz/311g-340g each)

Instructions

To Make The Dough:

  • For a mealy, bottom crust, cut the butter into 1/4" (6mm) square pieces. For a flaky top crust, cut the butter into 1/2" (12mm) pieces. Place the butter in the freezer for at least five minutes.
  • Whisk the milk and apple cider vinegar together until it bubbles. It will thicken as it sets for five minutes. This is your buttermilk.
  • In a large bowl, mix the flour, sugar and salt. Using a pastry cutter, cut in the butter. For a bottom crust, you want a mealy consistency, so cut in the butter until it is about pea sized. For a top crust, the butter should remain in larger chunks, such as almond size.
  • Because flour and butter contain varying amounts of water, we don't want to add the milk mixture in all at once. An over-hydrated dough creates a tough pastry. Pour in all but about 1 Tbs of the milk mixture. Use your hand to incorporate the buttermilk, folding and pressing the mixture. Flattening out the butter is okay. To test hydration, grab a hand full of dough and squeeze it. If it holds together, don't add any additional milk. If it's still crumbly or falls apart, add the remaining milk a teaspoon at a time and continue folding and pressing to a shaggy consistency. If the butter is starting to get a bit warm at this point, put the mixture in the freezer for about 5 minutes. We want the dough to stay as cold as possible.
  • On a lightly floured work surface, dump out the shaggy dough. Using a bench scraper, fold and press the dough at least 6-8 times, eventually shaping the mixture into a rough rectangle about 1/2" (12mm) thick. Use the heal of your hand to press the dough away from you, smearing the dough between your hand and work surface. Do this in three increments working from one end of the rectangle to the other. Use a bench scraper to gather the dough once again and shape into a rectangle. Fold and press the dough over and on top of its self 7-8 more times. This helps to hydrate the dough and build flaky layers.
  • Gather all the bits together and shape into a rough disk approximately 1/2" (12mm) thick. Wrap tightly in plastic wrap and rest in refrigerator for at least 2 hours, but preferably overnight.FOR A GALETTE: The dough is now ready for making a galette or pressing on to make a par baked pie crust. 

To Roll Out The Dough:

  • Lightly spay the pan with pan spray, bottom and sides.
  • Place the dough on a lightly flowered work surface. Let is set for a about 5-10 minutes to warm up the pastry as to make it more pliable to roll out. Dust the top with flour and dust your rolling pin. Begin rolling the dough from the middle out, taking care not to roll off the top and bottom edges. This helps shape the dough into a circle in the end. After 7-8 rolls, turn the dough, clockwise one quarter of the way around. Roll again, 7-8 times, from the center out. Quarter turn again. The turning helps monitor for a sticky bottom. Keep repeating this process dusting with flour under, on top of the dough and rolling pin as needed so that the dough doesn't start sticking.
  • Roll the dough to 1/8" (3mm) thick and about 1/2"-1" (.5cm -1 1/4cm) beyond the top edge of your pie plate (turn the plate upside down on the dough to measure). Trim the rough edges with kitchen sheers as needed. Roll the dough over and onto your rolling pin to transfer the dough to the pie plate. Gently press the dough into the plate without stretching it. For the bottom pastry, roll the edges under to create the crust's edge and crimp as desired. Wrap tightly with plastic wrap and place in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes before blind baking or while rolling out the second disk for the top of the pie.

Making a Single Crust Pie to Blind Bake:

  • Preheat oven to 375F (190C). Set the baking rack in the center.
  • Remove the pie plate from the refrigerator. Dock the dough by pricking the bottom of the dough with a fork. This will prevent the dough from rising up. Cover the chilled crust with a piece of parchment paper and fill it with 2-3 cups of either pie weights or dried beans.
  • Lower the oven temperature to 350F (180F) and place the pie in the oven. Bake for 25 minutes, rotating the pan 1/2 way through baking. Remove the crust from the oven, carefully remove the beans or pie weights and parchment and return the crust to the oven for an additional 5 minutes.
  • Cool, then use for a custard pie such as pecan, quiche or lemon meringue among others, following the directions for the pie recipe.

Making a Double Crust Pie:

  • Before refrigerating the bottom crust, fill it with your pie filling, cover it and place it in the refrigerator. While the bottom crust is in the refrigerator resting, roll out the top crust in the same fashion as the bottom, rolling to 1/8" (3mm) thick and the diameter to about 1/2" beyond the top of the pie pan.
  • Roll the dough over and onto your rolling pin to transfer the dough to cover the contents of the pie. Trim as needed to match the top crust with the bottom crust and crimp with a fork or flute with fingers to seal in the contents. Use a pairing knife to make about five or six steam vents in the center of the crust.
  • Chill for at least 30 minutes, but up to one hour is fine. Do not hold in fridge longer than one hour as the filling will start to hydrate the dough and yield a soggy bottom.
  • Egg wash then bake according to pie directions.

Notes

*Butter is an essential component of pastry. It plays an important role in flavor and texture. I use European style or Organic Unsalted Butter.
Updated note on buttermilk: I make my own in this recipe using milk and apple cider vinegar. If you use store bought buttermilk, due to the difference in moisture content of real and homemade buttermilk, you may need to add a bit more real buttermilk to your dough. Add only 1 tsp at a time until tough is hydrated enough (see fist holding notes from step 4 "To Make the Dough").
Inspired by The Grand Central Bakery and Chef Kimberly Smith

Nutrition

Calories: 359kcal | Carbohydrates: 33g | Protein: 4g | Fat: 23g | Saturated Fat: 15g | Cholesterol: 61mg | Sodium: 302mg | Potassium: 49mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 3g | Vitamin A: 709IU | Calcium: 13mg | Iron: 2mg